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Annual Congress on Nephrology & Hypertension, will be organized around the theme “Embracing novel approaches in field of Nephrology & Urology for better Healthcare ”

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Nephrology, as a discipline, arose from descriptive studies of childhood glomerulonephritis the look of normal kidney feature worries with the kidney issues, treatment of kidney problems. Renal replacement therapy includes Dialysis and Kidney transplantation. The kidneys are a couple of brownish-crimson structures placed retro-peritoneal on the posterior wall of the abdomen from the twelfth thoracic vertebra to the third lumbar vertebra such as renal parenchyma and renal pelvic vicinity. Each kidney includes round one million gadgets named as Nephrons. The main feature of the kidney holds strong internal surroundings which are accomplished with all the features. Kidneys play a vital role which includes filtration, reabsorption & excretion of metabolic waste products like urea and ammonium, regulating blood stress, electrolyte balance, RBC production within the body which make an energetic shape of Vitamin D helps in maintaining bone health. Now, Nephrology trends in kidney failure treatment have helped many sufferers. Since no precise in opportunity and Ayurvedic medication for kidney can assist deal with kidney failure correctly, the fine method is to combine them. Nephrology includes all the sickness inflicting cancer, cysts, stones, infections and demise of the kidney cells which involves the regular working of the kidneys and also its illness.


  • Track 1-1Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)
  • Track 1-2Anaemia
  • Track 1-3Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
  • Track 1-4End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)
  • Track 1-5Continual Kidney Disorder
  • Track 1-6Renal Diseases Diagnosis
  • Track 1-7Uremic encephalopathy
  • Track 1-8Azotemia
  • Track 1-9Hydronephrosis

 Urology as a discipline arose from descriptive studies of diseases urinary tract and the male reproductive tract. Urology specializes in female urology female urology, male infertility, neurourology, urologic oncology, paediatric urology.


  • Track 2-1Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
  • Track 2-2HIV-Associated Nephropathy
  • Track 2-3Renal endocrinology
  • Track 2-4Uroscopy
  • Track 2-5Nephrectomy
  • Track 2-6Robotic Nephrectomies
  • Track 2-7Robotic Prostatectomies
  • Track 2-8Kidney Stones
  • Track 2-9Hypogonadism
  • Track 2-10Female Urology
  • Pediatric Nephrology specializes diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases, including electrolyte disturbances and hypertension, including dialysis and renal transplant patients. Many diseases affecting the kidney are systemic disorders not limited to the organ itself, and may require special treatment. Examples include acquired conditions such as systemic vasculatures (e.g. ANCA vacuities) and autoimmune diseases (e.g., lupus), as well as congenital or genetic conditions such as polycystic kidney disease
  • Track 3-1Ectopic Kidney
  • Track 3-2Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney
  • Track 3-3Lupus Nephritis
  • Track 3-4Henoch-Schonlein Purpura
  • Track 3-5Alport Syndrome
  • Track 3-6Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS)
  • Track 3-7Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Disease (ARPKD)
  • Track 3-8Renal Dysplasia
  • Track 3-9Renal Agenesis
  • Track 3-10Neonatal Bartter Syndrome

High blood pressure is a leading cause of kidney disease and kidney failure. Hypertensive kidney disease is a medical condition referring to impairment to the kidney due to chronic high blood pressure. Benign nephrosclerosis is common in individuals over the age of 60 where malignant nephrosclerosis is uncommon and affects 1-5% of individuals with high blood pressure, that have diastolic blood pressure passing 130 mm Hg. It should be illustrious from Reno vascular hypertension.


  • Track 4-1Cardio-toxicity
  • Track 4-2Aortic coarctation
  • Track 4-3Renal Arteriovenous Malformation
  • Track 4-4Renal Artery Aneurysm
  • Track 4-5Hepatorenal Syndrome
  • Track 4-6Malignant Hypertension
  • Track 4-7Gestational Hypertension
  • Track 4-8Urine Albumin-to-Creatinine ratio
  • Track 4-9Dipstick test for Albumin
  • Track 4-10Obstructive Sleep Apnea
  • Track 4-11Adrenal gland tumors
  • Track 4-12Coronary Artery Sickness
  • Track 4-13Renin–Angiotensin System (RAS)
  • Track 4-14Renal Artery Stenosis
  • Track 4-15Renovascular Hypertension

Diabetic Nephropathy means a kidney sickness or harm. Diabetic nephropathy is a chronic situation characterized by means of high blood pressure, progressively increasing urinary albumin excretion, presence of Diabetic retinopathy, declining GFR .In excessive cases it could result in kidney failure. Many tiny blood vessels in the kidney clear out the waste out of your blood and high blood pressure wreck these blood vessels. Over time, the kidney is not capable of do its process as expected. Later it could forestall running absolutely which is known as Kidney failure. Up to 40 per cent of human beings with diabetes sooner or later increase kidney ailment. Nephritis is inflammatory kidney disorder. Nephrosis is non-inflammatory kidney sickness. IgA nephropathy additionally called Berger's disease is a kidney sickness that happens whilst an antibody called immunoglobulin A (IgA) lodges to your kidneys which results in infection through the years which abate your kidneys potential to filter waste from your blood. The major remedy is to lower blood pressure which helps in preventing the harm for the kidneys. Angiotensin-changing enzyme inhibitors, Angiotensin II receptor blockers are the drugs. To put off, diabetic nephropathy wholesome life style must be carried out by treating diabetes and high blood pressure.


  • Track 5-1Renal Diabetes
  • Track 5-2Mitochondrial DNA mutations
  • Track 5-3Insulin Pens and novel Insulin delivery techniques
  • Track 5-4Diabetic Mastopathy
  • Track 5-5Diabetic Myelopathy
  • Track 5-6Diabetic cardiomyopathy
  • Track 5-7Steroid diabetes
  • Track 5-8Biomarkers for Diabetes
  • Track 5-9Intensive Management of Blood Glucose
  • Track 5-10High LDl Cholesterol
  • Track 5-11Kimmelstiel–Wilson Syndrome
  • Track 5-12Angiotensin-Changing Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Track 5-13IGA Nephropathy
  • Track 5-14Diabetic Retinopathy
  • Track 5-15Diabetic dyslipidemia

Acute renal failure is an abrupt decline inside the glomerular and Tubular function ensuing within the failure of the kidneys to excrete nitrogenous waste and hold Electrolyte Homeostasis. Metabolic acidosis involves in the cause of number of complications along with excessive potassium stages, uraemia, and modifications in body fluid stability and results on different organ structures, including loss of life. Persistent kidney disorder occurs in the result of AKI. Management includes remedy of the underlying reason and supportive care, such as renal alternative remedy. The causes include prerenal, intrinsic, post renal reasons. Cardiovascular collapse is to prevent initial stage of predominant targets and demise and to call for specialist advice from a nephrologist. Control of AKI mechanically includes the avoidance of substances which might be poisonous to the kidneys, referred to as nephrotoxins.


  • Track 6-1Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder (CKD-MBD)
  • Track 6-2Bone marrow transplant
  • Track 6-3Glomerulonephritis
  • Track 6-4Interstitial Nephritis
  • Track 6-5Vesicoureteral Reflux
  • Track 6-6Contrast Nephropathy
  • Track 6-7Nephrogenic Fibrosing Dermopathy(NFD)
  • Track 6-8Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)
  • Track 6-9Renal Dysfunction
  • Track 6-10Gastrointestinal complications

Endocrinology and nephrology overlap in many other diseases, such as urolithiasis and certain genetic disorders.Endocrine researchers, perhaps, have their hands full with the pandemic of diabetes and metabolic syndrome, or prefer to focus on the “classic” glands. Nephrologists, similarly, are busy with other renal disorders, which seem more “real” and life threatening than renal endocrine abnormalities.

The kidney has multiple endocrine roles, the hormones of the renin- angiotensin system (RAS), erythropoietin and dihydroxy vitamin D3. The kidney is an important producer of “local hormones” or autocrine and paracrine molecules, such as prostaglandins, endothelins, and adrenomedullin. Not only that, the kidney is the primary target organ for various hormones like aldosterone, angiotensin, and the natriuretic peptides. It is also affected by other hormonal diseases. Nephropathy is well characterized in acromegaly, hyperparathyroidism, and diabetes, to name a few. In humans, the major endocrine glands include the pineal gland, pituitary gland, pancreas, ovaries, testis, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, and adrenal glands.The field of study dealing with the endocrine system and its disorders is endocrinology, a branch of internal medicine.


  • Track 7-1Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Track 7-2Pituitary and Neuroendocrinology
  • Track 7-3Thyroid Disorders
  • Track 7-4Pancreatic cysts
  • Track 7-5Prostate Cancer
  • Track 7-6Hypothalamic dysfunction
  • Track 7-7Hormone replacement therapy
  • Track 7-8Artificial pancreas
  • Track 7-9Pheochromocytoma
  • Track 7-10Hyperprolactinemia
  • Track 7-11Hysterography
  • Track 7-12Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Surgery

The kidney disorder Nephrotic syndrome reasons your body to excrete an excessive amount of protein for your urine. This is mainly due to harm to the clusters of the small blood vessels on your kidneys that filter waste and extra water out of your blood. This disorder is typically seen in youngsters and is characterized by way of huge proteinuria, Hypoalbuminemia, Hyperlipidaemia, and oedema which evolves in the face. Lipiduria also can occur, but isn't always crucial for the prognosis of nephrotic syndrome. Hyponatremia also happens with a low fractional sodium excretion. The syndrome can occur in any kidney disorder that damages the filtering gadgets. Nephrotic syndrome, along with nephritis, have an effect on simplest the kidney carrying the illnesses. Diseases that affect only the kidneys are referred to as number one reasons of nephrotic syndrome. The headaches on adversement of the situation include Hypothyroidism, anaemia, high blood pressure, Coronary artery sickness. Urine samples are taken to understand the underlying cause of the disease and the remedy commonly involves medication and diet.


  • Track 8-1Hypoalbuminemia
  • Track 8-2Hyperlipidaemia
  • Track 8-3Oedema
  • Track 8-4Lipiduria
  • Track 8-5Hyponatremia

Renal cell cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in proximal convoluted tubules of the kidney. The most common type of kidney cancer in adults is renal cell carcinoma also named as Hypernephroma, Renal adenocarcinoma or Grawitz’s tumor occurs most often in men 50 to 70 years old. Blacks are at higher risk than whites. Smoking and misuse of certain pain medicines can affect the risk of renal cell cancer. Hereditary factors have a minor impact. Blood in the urine and a lump in the abdomen are the signs of RCC and tests that examine these signs include CT scan, IVP, blood chemistry studies, urinalysis etc. The principal treatment options may include surgery, molecular-targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. The recommended treatment for renal cell cancer may be Nephrectomy or partial nephrectomy, surgical removal of all or part of the kidney. The incidence of RCC varies between sexes, ages, races and geographic location around the world as men have the higher incidence than women which has been increasing in frequency worldwide for about approximately 2-3% /decade until the last few years where the number of new cases has stabilised.


  • Track 9-1Tuberous Sclerosis (TS)
  • Track 9-2Bladder Cancer
  • Track 9-3Von Hippel-Lindau Syndrome (VHL)
  • Track 9-4Prostate Cancer
  • Track 9-5CT scan
  • Track 9-6Urinalysis
  • Track 9-7Renal Cell Carcinoma
  • Track 9-8Hepatic Carcinoma
  • Track 9-9Hepatic Carcinoma

Chronic kidney sickness which is a completely not unusual medical problem in aged patients which is related to multiplied morbidity and mortality. As life is enhancing worldwide to maintain growing prevalence of comorbidities and risk factors including hypertension and diabetes within the population as 1 to 10 human beings have some diploma of CKD. They have about 25,000-30,000 genes. The envisioned glomerular filtration price (eGFR) can be used as a analysis test for the ailment. Some diseases inside the kidneys are as a result of issues (mutations) in genes.  Autosomal Dominant Inheritance resulting with a illnesses from a mutation in just one of the two copies of a gene. Polycystic kidney ailment is a maximum commonplace genetic disease that impacts the kidneys and other organs. Clusters of fluid-crammed sacs, referred to as cysts, increase in the kidneys and interfere with their potential to filter out waste products from the blood. Genetic checks or DNA evaluation are used to check the presence and severity of the disorder.


  • Track 10-1Autosomal Dominant Inheritance
  • Track 10-2Polycystic Kidney Ailment
  • Track 10-3Morbidity
  • Track 10-4Mortality
  • Track 10-5Filtration
  • Track 10-6Mutation

Urology is a branch of medication that focusses on surgical and medical sicknesses of the urinary tract system which is referred as Genitourinary surgical procedure  and an infection in any part of the urinary device referred as Urinary tract infection. When it affects the decrease urinary tract it is called a Bladder contamination (cystitis).It impacts upper urinary tracts referred as Pyelonephritis. Urology includes kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs. Common illnesses consist of benign prostatic hyperplasia, Urinary incontinence, UTI, Urethral stones and many others. Risk elements of UTI consists of woman anatomy, sexual intercourse, diabetes, weight problems, and circle of relatives records. Diagnostic exams encompass Urinalysis, urine microscopy. Phenazopyridine is on occasion prescribed in the course of the primary few days similarly to antibiotics to help with the burning and urgency every so often felt throughout a bladder infection. Women with terrible cultures improve with antibiotic remedy as signs can be indistinct and without dependable checks for urinary tract infections.


  • Track 11-1Urethritis
  • Track 11-2Pyelonephritis
  • Track 11-3Disorders of Urination
  • Track 11-4Urinary Tract Stones
  • Track 11-5Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
  • Track 11-6Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction
  • Track 11-7Ureterocele
  • Track 11-8Urinary Blockage Hazard

Nephrotoxins are substances displaying nephrotoxicity that inhibits damages or destroys the cells and/or tissues of the kidneys.

Recent clinical studies have shown that between 30% and 60% of drug toxicity have kidney disorders, acute glomerulonephritis, and acute interstitial nephritis. Nephrotoxicity is a typical of disorder involves the interaction of environmental factors and genetic factors to increase the susceptibility of an individual causing kidney failure. 

  • Track 12-1Acute interstitial nephritis
  • Track 12-2Acute glomerulonephritis
  • Track 12-3Hypersensitivity Nephropathy
  • Track 12-4Radiation Nephropathy
  • Track 12-5Lead Nephropathy
  • Track 12-6Lithium Nephropathy
  • Track 12-7Chelation Toxicity

The kidney transplantation is life extending surgical procedure to treat end-stage renal disease. When kidney function declines to a certain level, patients have End-stage renal disease as it requires dialysis or transplantation to sustain life and they stop functioning normally when the kidneys have lost about 90% of their ability. Incompatible transplantations HLA and ABO conduct end-stage kidney disease. Anti-rejection medications, also known as immunosuppressive agents are necessary for the "lifetime" of the transplant. Rejections may occur if medications are stopped and kidney transplant will fail. Cardiac and pulmonary insufficiency, hepatic disease, and some cancers are included in contraindicators. Kidney-pancreas transplant is done in patients with diabetes mellitus type 1 where the diabetes is due to the destruction of beta cells and also due to renal failure. Drugs in this vary according to the drug therapy taken. These recipients are not encouraged in consuming grapefruit, pomegranate and green tea products as these products are known to interact with the transplant medications, tacrolimus, cyclosporine, sirolimus and the blood levels of these drugs may be increased  which leads to an overdose.


  • Track 13-1Anti-rejection Medications
  • Track 13-2Immunosuppressive Agents
  • Track 13-3 HLA and ABO
  • Track 13-4 Tacrolimus
  • Track 13-5Cyclosporine
  • Track 13-6Sirolimus
  • Track 13-7Robotic Kidney Transplant

Gastroenterology is the study of the normal function and diseases of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon and rectum, pancreas, gallbladder, bile ducts and liver. . Infectious gastrointestinal diseases, such as various types of gastro disease are also becoming increasingly difficult to diagnose due to the increasing dissemination of among microorganisms and the emergence of the so-called 'superbugs'. Taking into consideration these problems, the need for novel therapeutics is essential. Although described for over a century probiotics have only been extensively researched in recent years.It involves a detailed understanding of the normal action of the gastrointestinal organs including the movement of material through the stomach and intestine, the digestion and absorption of nutrients into the body, removal of waste from the system, and the function of the liver as a digestive organ.


  • Track 14-1Celiac Disease
  • Track 14-2Gallstones
  • Track 14-3Microscopic Colitis
  • Track 14-4Pancreatitis
  • Track 14-5Inguinal Hernia
  • Track 14-6Proctitis
  • Track 14-7Menetrier’s Disease
  • Track 14-8Peptic Ulcers
  • Track 14-9Appendicitis
  • Track 14-10Bariatric surgery and obesity
  • Track 14-11Laparoscopic surgery
  • Track 14-12Lactose Intolerance
  • Track 14-13Diverticulosis & Diverticulitis
  • Track 14-14Fanconi syndrome
  • Track 14-15Liddle syndrome
  • Track 14-16Gitelman syndrome
  • Track 14-17Cholecystectomy
  • Track 14-18Blunt abdominal trauma
  • Track 14-19Metabolic Alkalosis
  • Track 14-20Gastric bypass
  • Track 14-21Gastrointestinal endoscopy

Advances in Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation are multidimensional assessment tool for uremic pruritus in dialysis patient. Kidney deterioration as patients with congenital urinary tract disorders, even after they have been repaired is incumbent on those caring for these patients as they age. Thought evaluation of those patients in whom kidney compromise maybe aggravated by drainage and storage disorder will optimize native renal function. Management targeting an individualized systolic blood pressure (SBP) is associated with reduced risk of organ dysfunction among patients undergoing major surgery who are at increased risk of postoperative complications.


  • Track 15-1Bioprinting Human tissue for Kidney
  • Track 15-2Regulation of Potassium Homeostasis in CKD
  • Track 15-3Epidemiology of Acid-Base Derangements in CKD
  • Track 15-4Novel Renal Biomarkers
  • Track 15-5Indwelling Catheters

Haemodialysis is noted for purifying the blood of a person whose kidneys are not running commonly. Renal replacement remedy gives the choice for patient who need dialysis acutely and for many patients as preservation therapy. It can be an outpatient or inpatient remedy. Haemodialysis frequently entails fluid elimination and the side outcomes because of this method include low blood stress, fatigue, chest pains and many others. Neuropathy results in long term headache and numerous kinds of coronary heart disease. Counter modern waft, utilizes haemodialysis where the dialysate is flowing within the contrary direction to blood go with the flow in the extracorporeal circuit . Counter-modern flow continues the attention gradient throughout the membrane at a maximum and will increase the performance of the dialysis. The three styles of haemodialysis includes: 1. Conventional haemodialysis, 2.each day haemodialysis, and 3. Nocturnal haemodialysis. The machines available in the market display an array of various protection-crucial parameters which also includes blood and dialysate drift prices. dialysis answer conductivity, temperature, and pH. and analysis of the dialysate for evidence of blood leakage or presence of air. The drugs which are supplemented included vitamins, calcium, iron, phosphate, binders, Antipruritic.


  • Track 16-1Haemodialysis
  • Track 16-2Peritoneal Dialysis
  • Track 16-3Hemofiltration
  • Track 16-4Intestinal Dialysis
  • Track 16-5Intermittent Peritoneal Dialysis (IPD)
  • Track 16-6Nocturnal Haemodialysis
  • Track 16-7Counter Modern Waft
  • Track 16-8Dialysis-Related Amyloidosis

Renal vitamins is involved that kidney sufferers the proper ingredients to make dialysis efficient and enhance health. Dietary adjustments can also help manage high blood pressure, Oedema, and Hyperlipidaemia, and slow the progression of renal disorder. Kidney sickness which includes the control of top blood glucose or put off diabetic headaches. High-protein diets are not advocated as they will encourage harm to the nephrons, main to a development of renal insufficiency. Good blood glucose helps you put off diabetes headaches such as kidney disorder. Dietician can suggest the picking of foods for the proper function of the kidneys which includes potassium, protein, phosphorus, sodium etc. Diet, being lively, retaining a healthy weight, and drugs can all help you stay wholesome with no sicknesses.


  • Track 17-1Renal Vitamins
  • Track 17-2Higher-Protein Foods
  • Track 17-3Pre And Probiotics
  • Track 17-4Dietary vitamins
  • Track 17-5Ketogenic diet

Nephrology nursing which includes stopping disease assesses the health needs of patients and fanilies. The nursing includes: 1. Improvement in affected person care 2. Reduced cost of kidney care provision 3. Accountability and assurance towards case 4. Addition to the present day assemblage of nursing getting to know 5. Enhancement of nursing as a calling. Nursing Care spans the lifestyles cycle and includes sufferers who're experiencing the real or threatened effect of acute or continual kidney disorder. Patients are now restricted to Cardiovascular ailment, diabetes, hypertension, infectious disease, bone disorder, or Psychiatric situations where the care is seen complicated. Apart from these, many face psychosocial problems. Now, the nurse’s role would be to help patients manipulate their lives be triumphant at school or paintings, socialize, hold relationships, or enjoy pastimes - while efficiently handling their fitness problems. The motive of nursing is to emphasis the most outrageous notion of the discriminatingly debilitated or insecure limitless kidney sufferers. The aim of Renal Care Nursing's is to present professional’s accurate, present day, and fabric records and cabin to surpass desires in separating concept exercise.


  • Track 18-1Assemblage of Nursing
  • Track 18-2Psychiatric Situations
  • Track 18-3Kidney Care Provision
  • Track 18-4Assessment and Management of the Renal Transplant Patient
  • Track 18-5Interventional endoscopy

There is a growing awareness today about Health and Fitness among the masses, large sections of health conscious people have started reviewing and questioning the modern lifestyle .Most healthcare specialists today believe that most of the diseases from which the mankind is afflicted are the outcome of their wrong living habits and increased pollution in the environment. that is why a system like Yoga and Naturopathy is gaining more acceptance across the globe. Nature cure is an art as well as a science of healthy living and a drugless system of healing has its own concept of disease and principles of treatment.

In today’s world, the awareness created for Health and fitness among the people have been conscious and started reviewing and questioning the modern lifestyle. As many believe that most of the diseases is due to their kind of living and along with increased pollution in the environment. For all these, Yoga and Naturopathy is gaining more conscious and tricking among the people all over the globe. Nature cure is an art as well as a science of healthy living and a drugless system of healing has its own concept of disease and principles of treatment.


  • Track 19-1Nutraceutical Approach
  • Track 19-2Acupuncture
  • Track 19-3Health and Fitness
  • Track 19-4Restorative Physical and Occupational therapy

Nephrological treatment includes Steroid medications, blood products, dialysis and plasma exchange. Kidney problems can have significant impact on quality and length of life, and so psychological support, health education and advanced care planning play key roles in nephrology.


  • Track 20-1Nephrolithotripsy
  • Track 20-2Complex Vascular Access Surgery
  • Track 20-3Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors
  • Track 20-4Calcium-Channel Blockers
  • Track 20-5Alpha-Adrenoceptor Antagonists (Alpha-Blockers)
  • Track 20-6Vasodilator Drugs
  • Track 20-7Diuretics
  • Track 20-8Beta-Adrenoceptor Antagonists (Beta-Blockers)
  • Track 20-9Extra corporeal shock wave lithotripsy(ESWL)
  • Track 20-10Laparoscopic